Geopolitical Research Institute(GRI)/Εταιρεία Γεωπολιτικών Ερευνών(ΕΓΕ)

Κυριακή, 14 Νοεμβρίου 2010

Italy seeks bigger role in Turkish defense market

Italy, which already is selling attack helicopters and a military satellite to Turkey, wants to further boost its role in the Turkish defense market. European aircraft maker Eurofighter Consortium wants to sell 40 Eurofighter Typhoon 2020 jets to the Turkish Air Force, according to officials

A Royal Air Force Eurofighter jet takes off during an India-UK joint air exercise. AP photo
European aircraft maker Eurofighter Consortium wants to sell 40 Eurofighter Typhoon 2020 jets to the Turkish Air Force, senior Italian and company officials said Thursday.

"We are offering to Turkey the opportunity to jointly develop the Eurofighter 2020, the next version of the Eurofighter," said Marco Valerio Bonelli, head of Public Relations and Communications at Eurofighter. "It wouldn't be parts production, but joint development."

"We would like to provide two squadrons of Eurofighters to Turkey," said Giorgio Zappa, director general of Finmeccanica, an Italian conglomerate, whose subsidiary Alenia Aeronautica is one of the makers of the Eurofighter. Two Eurofighter squadrons correspond to nearly 40 aircraft.

"Our cooperation [with Turkey] had been based mostly on industrial and commercial cooperation. Now we need to carry this cooperation to the strategic level for 30 to 40 years," said Guido Crosetto, Italy's deputy defense minister.

“Today we are making together a helicopter, tomorrow we can move to another helicopter type, and then we can move to an aircraft,” Crosetto said. “The [Eurofighter] will be one of the subjects I and [my Turkish procurement chief] Murad Bayar will be talking about during my visit."

All three officials spoke to the Hürriyet Daily News & Economic Review on the sidelines of the opening of Finmeccanica's Ankara office. Senior Turkish and Italian officials also attended the opening ceremony.

Finmeccenica S.p.A. is the largest hi-tech industrial group in Italy and works in the fields of defense, aerospace, security, transport and energy. It is partially owned by the Italian government, which holds about 30 percent of Finmeccanica's shares.

Finmeccanica's subsidiaries working in the defense field include Alenia Aeronautica, AgustaWestland and Telespazio, among others. AgustaWestland and Telespazio already have massive defense contracts with Turkey.

The Eurofighter Consortium's members include Alenia Aeronautica, Britain's BaE Systems and the European EADS. The Eurofighter Typhoon is presently used by the Air Forces of Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain and Austria.

For its next-generation fighter requirement, Turkey has already chosen the U.S.-led F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Lightning II. It plans to buy about 100 F-35s, worth about $15 billion.

Zappa, however, said Turkey may accommodate both the F-35 and the Eurofighter Typhoon, as the two fighters largely have different functions. The Eurofighter has been designed mainly as an air-to-air fighter while the F-35 is more suitable for air-to-ground missions.

If Turkey decides to buy the Eurofighter, it would replace the older U.S.-made air-to-air F-4Es with the new planes.

"It mostly depends on our budget conditions," one Turkish procurement official said about the chances of a Eurofighter purchase.

If Ankara chooses not to purchase the Eurofighter, it could buy an additional 20 F-35s, said a defense analyst.

Missile defense

In recent years Italy has become Ankara's largest defense supplier after the United States. Turkey has signed multibillion-dollar deals with AgustaWestland for the joint manufacture of 60 attack helicopters and smaller contract with Telespazio for a military satellite.

In a related development, a top official from the European missile maker Eurosam announced Thursday that his company had signed a framework agreement with the Turkish military electronics company Aselsam, the missile maker Roketsan and the systems integrator Ayesas for cooperation on missile technology.

"This agreement creates great work potential with Turkish companies," said Antonio Perfetti, Eurosam's president.

Eurosam is competing with U.S., Russian and Chinese rivals in Turkey's multibillion-dollar long-range high-altitude anti-missile air-defense systems program. The framework agreement with the three Turkish companies details the work share of the Turkish firms in the Turkish program in the event Eurosam wins the Turkish missile contract.

The members of Eurosam include MBDA of France, MBDA of Italy and France's Thales. Perfetti is also general manager of MBDA of Italy.

"I will also talk about the [utility] helicopter and missile matters" with Turkish counterparts, Crosetto said.

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