Geopolitical Research Institute(GRI)/Εταιρεία Γεωπολιτικών Ερευνών(ΕΓΕ)

Κυριακή, 31 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Στο προγεφύρωμα του Κάραγατς θα αναπτυχθεί το ειδικό τμήμα της FRONTEX

Αρχίζει την Τρίτη η ανάπτυξη του ειδικού τμήματος της Frontex, στον Έβρο με την ανάληψη περιπολιών των πρώτων 150 ανδρών στο προγεφύρωμα του Κάραγατς, όπου εντοπίζεται το μεγαλύτερο πρόβλημα. Το ειδικό τμήμα θα είναι ένοπλο, με ειδικά σκυλιά και ειδικούς αισθητήρες κίνησης και ανίχνευσης. Στην δύναμη θα διατεθούν περί τα 30 ειδικά οχήματα.

Στο τμήμα συμμετέχουν μεταφραστές από επτά χώρες αλλά και ειδικοί στην αναγνώριση πλαστών εγγράφων. Αυτή την στιγμή εισέρχονται κατά μέσο όρο από την περιοχή του Έβρου περίπου 200 λαθρομετανάστες την ημέρα. Οι μισοί από αυτούς παραδίδονται αμέσως και οι άλλοι μισοί διαφεύγουν προς τα δυτικά.

Suicide Bombing Wounds 32 in Istanbul

(ISTANBUL) — A suicide bomber blew himself up Sunday beside a police vehicle in a major Istanbul square near tourist hotels and a bus terminal, wounding 32 people, including 15 policemen.

The attack in Taksim Square, which was followed by police gunfire and sent hundreds of panicked people racing for cover, coincided with the possible end of a unilateral cease-fire by Kurdish rebels, but there was no immediate claim of responsibility. Turkey, a NATO ally that has deployed troops in a non-combat role in Afghanistan, is also home to cells of radical leftists and Islamic militants.
(See the 25 crimes of the century.)

Istanbul police chief Huseyin Capkin said the bomber tried but failed to get into a parked police van and detonated the bomb just outside the vehicle, blowing himself to pieces. Riot police are routinely stationed at Taksim, a popular spot for street demonstrations that abuts a major pedestrian walkway whose shops and restaurants are usually packed.

At least 32 people, including 15 police officers, were injured, at least two of them seriously, Istanbul Gov. Huseyin Avni Mutlu said.

After the blast, he said, investigators at the scene found and defused a package of plastic explosives that could have been detonated with the push of a button.

"It was a terrifying, very loud explosion," said Mehmet Toz, a coffee stall owner who was in the square at the time of the blast. "Everyone started to run around, people fell on the ground. There was panic."

Another witness, Muammer Ulutas, said a policeman fired four rounds at the body of the suicide bomber after the explosion. He glimpsed the remains of the assailant, who appeared to be in his early 20s.

The attack occurred as Istanbul was preparing to hold Republic Day parades to mark the 1923 founding of Turkey. The celebrations were originally planned for Friday, but were delayed due to heavy rain. Taksim Square, a transport hub that is a major stop on the city's underground train network and close to the Hyatt, Ritz-Carlton and other major hotels, was festooned with red and white Turkish flags.

Kurdish rebels fighting for autonomy in Turkey's mainly Kurdish southeast have a history of suicide bombings in Turkey and their unilateral cease-fire was scheduled to expire at the end of October. The state has held secretive talks with the jailed leader of the rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK, in an effort to end the conflict, But an ongoing trial of more than 150 Kurds, including a dozen elected mayors, on charges of rebel links is a sign of the deep reserves of mistrust between authorities and the ethnic minority.

Interior Minister Besir Atalay, speaking to Turkish journalists on a visit to China, said "certain suspicions, certain evidence" indicated who was behind the attack, but said the government would not rush to announce its theories.

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who was inaugurating a hamlet for villagers whose homes are to be flooded by a new dam in southeastern Turkey, said the suicide attack was aimed at "obstructing Turkey's development."

"We will not show any tolerance toward those who to want cause turmoil," Erdogan said.

President Abdullah Gul said the assailants would "fail in their aim to replace friendship, brotherhood and peace with violence in the face of the people's will for unity to live as brothers."

Turkey frequently accuses the PKK of carrying out attacks to prevent the economic and social progress of Turkey, which has made big strides as a regional power in recent years despite conflict between its Islamic-leaning government and secular elites linked to the military and judiciary. An alleged anti-government network that includes military officers faces charges of seeking to foment chaos that would topple Erdogan's government; secular critics say the trials are a government effort to silence dissent.

At Taksim, police sealed off roads with yellow tape and forensic teams in blue coveralls combed the area for debris and other evidence. One walked around the ledge of a monument to Turkish independence in the center of the square. Hours later, some areas were reopened.

The Kurdistan Freedom Falcons, a militant group linked to the PKK, claimed responsibility for a June bombing in Istanbul that killed four soldiers and an officer's 17-year-old daughter. Authorities suspected Kurdish rebels in a 2008 bombing in Istanbul that killed 17 people, though the PKK denied involvement.

According to the government, the last suicide bombing by the PKK was in 2008, when an assailant blew himself up at a police checkpoint in the Mediterranean city of Mersin and injured 13 police officers. In May 2007, a Kurdish rebel blew himself up in the capital, Ankara, killing seven.

Two previous suicide attacks in Taksim in 1999 and 2001 killed two police officers and wounded a total of 13 people.

Homegrown Islamic militants tied to al-Qaida carried out suicide bombings in Istanbul, killing 58, in 2003. The targets were the British consulate, a British bank and two synagogues. In 2008, an attack blamed on al-Qaida-affiliated militants outside the U.S. Consulate in Istanbul left three assailants and three policemen dead.

On Oct. 22, Turkish police said they detained five people, including three university students, suspected of providing financial and technical support to the al-Qaida network in Afghanistan. The raids were carried out in the Aegean coastal city of Izmir and several other cities.



Read more: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2028465,00.html#ixzz13xLDA3si

Russia Returns to Afghanistan for a Drug Raid

For almost a decade, Russia has stayed on the sidelines of the war in Afghanistan, in part because of its bad memories of the 1980s, when the Afghan mujahedin, with the help of Stinger missiles provided by the U.S., handed the Red Army a humiliating defeat. As Russia's NATO envoy Dmitri Rogozin put it this week in a stroke of understatement, "We've been to Afghanistan, and we didn't really like it over there." But on Friday, Oct. 29, Russia and the U.S. made a startling announcement: they had conducted their first-ever joint military mission in Afghanistan. It was a small one — a coalition-assisted drug bust — but it drove home the point that Russian boots are back on Afghan ground, and they appear ready to help fill a vacuum as the U.S. prepares to pull its troops out next year.

According to a Kremlin source familiar with the operation, the Russians had pushed the Americans for months to carry it out. "They kept brushing us off, saying their helicopters were busy elsewhere, or so-and-so had stepped out for a smoke," he tells TIME. But a week after Russia's drug czar, Viktor Ivanov, met in Washington with his U.S. counterpart, Gil Kerlikowske, the mission went ahead. On the morning of Oct. 28, nine coalition helicopters swept down over the Nangarhar province of northeastern Afghanistan, carrying 70 troops, including Afghan police, U.S. special forces and four Russian officers from Ivanov's agency. In the course of that day, they destroyed four drug labs and 200 million doses of heroin, Ivanov said at a press conference in Moscow on Friday. No one in the strike team was injured, he said; he did not know whether there had been any Afghan casualties.
(See why Moscow is headed back to Afghanistan with U.S. approval.)

"Afghanistan's drug barons will not be able to respond to the coalition and Afghan forces after the destruction of heroin and morphine laboratories," Ivanov said, in a rare bit of Russian back patting for the troops fighting in Afghanistan. Seated beside him at the press conference was Eric Rubin, the deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Moscow, who suggested there would be similar operations in the future. "We expect to continue to work with the Afghan government, and of course with our partners in the Russia Federation, as long as necessary to eradicate the Afghan drug trade."
(See how U.S. troops are resupplied by air in Afghanistan.)

For more than a year, Moscow has been using the subject of Afghan heroin (and the fact that Russia is its largest consumer) to crowbar its way back from the margins of the debate over Afghanistan. Top government officials have used their turns at conference podiums around the world this year to fume at NATO over its policy on poppy crops, which the coalition has refused to destroy for fear of pushing poppy farmers toward extremism. In June, Ivanov even compared NATO to Dr. Frankenstein, suggesting that its Afghan drug policy was "giving birth to a monster."

But with this week's joint strike, Russia's arguments appear to have gotten the coalition forces to move, although they still refuse to eradicate poppy fields. The success follows a series of other Russian inroads, particularly in terms of arms sales and energy deals with the Afghan government. The Foreign Ministry has said Russia will provide a free weapons shipment for Afghan forces and will help train the country's air force and police. Last month, Russia also agreed to sell the U.S. 21 Mi-17 helicopters for the Afghan air force, a deal estimated to be worth about $370 million. Russian companies are meanwhile pushing for the rights to upgrade Afghanistan's infrastructure, including a $500 million plan to rebuild a hydroelectric-power plant, while Russia's state-controlled oil firm has its eye on gas fields in the north.
(See pictures of the battle against the Taliban.)

"All of this underscores Russia's role in the Afghan question," says Omar Nessar, director of the Center for the Study of Modern Afghanistan in Moscow. "Especially after [Thursday's] operation, that role is direct, and it is growing." For Russia, defining its place on the issue of Afghanistan has become all the more important as relations with NATO improve. This month, President Dmitri Medvedev agreed to attend the NATO summit to be held in Lisbon in November, a decision hailed on both sides as a breakthrough in cooperation between the Cold War enemies.

But Nessar says that rather than joining with the coalition's agenda, Russia will try to balance it out if not provide an alternative to it. "On the ground in Afghanistan, the regular people still view Russia as an enemy of the West. This may no longer be an accurate perception, but that is the feeling left over from the Soviet campaign. And Moscow by no means wants to lose that, because it will allow them to be a counteracting force in many situations in the future."

Given the lingering resentment among many Afghans toward Western troops as well as their memory of Taliban repressions, Russia has an important advantage in becoming a kind of big brother for Afghanistan, a country that lies just at the edge of Russia's traditional sphere of influence. As a decade of war leaves the U.S. exhausted in Afghanistan, that sphere of influence appears to be edging back into the war-torn country. Conveniently, by the time Russian influence returns, the dirty work of dealing with the mujahedin and the Taliban may mostly be done.



Read more: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2028329,00.html#ixzz13xJAloQ0

China’s Fast Rise Leads Neighbors to Join Forces

HANOI, Vietnam — China’s military expansion and assertive trade policies have set off jitters across Asia, prompting many of its neighbors to rekindle old alliances and cultivate new ones to better defend their interests against the rising superpower.

A whirl of deal-making and diplomacy, from Tokyo to New Delhi, is giving the United States an opportunity to reassert itself in a region where its eclipse by China has been viewed as inevitable.

President Obama’s trip to the region this week, his most extensive as president, will take him to the area’s big democracies, India, Indonesia, South Korea and Japan, skirting authoritarian China. Those countries and other neighbors have taken steps, though with varying degrees of candor, to blunt China’s assertiveness in the region.

Mr. Obama and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India are expected to sign a landmark deal for American military transport aircraft and are discussing the possible sale of jet fighters, which would escalate the Pentagon’s defense partnership with India to new heights. Japan and India are courting Southeast Asian nations with trade agreements and talk of a “circle of democracy.” Vietnam has a rapidly warming rapport with its old foe, the United States, in large part because its old friend, China, makes broad territorial claims in the South China Sea.

The deals and alliances are not intended to contain China. But they suggest a palpable shift in the diplomatic landscape, on vivid display as leaders from 18 countries gathered this weekend under the wavelike roof of Hanoi’s futuristic convention center, not far from Ho Chi Minh’s mausoleum, for a meeting suffused by tensions between China and its neighbors.

China’s escalating feud with Japan over another set of islands, in the East China Sea, stole the meeting’s headlines on Saturday, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton proposed three-way negotiations to resolve the issue.

Most Asian countries, even as they argue that China will inevitably replace the United States as the top regional power, have grown concerned at how quickly that shift is occurring, and what China the superpower may look like.

China’s big trading partners are complaining more loudly that it intervenes too aggressively to keep its currency undervalued. Its recent restrictions on exports of crucial rare earths minerals, first to Japan and then to the United States and Europe, raised the prospect that it may use its dominant positions in some industries as a diplomatic and political weapon.

And its rapid naval expansion, combined with a more strident defense of its claims to disputed territories far off its shores, has persuaded Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and Singapore to reaffirm their enthusiasm for the American security umbrella.

“The most common thing that Asian leaders have said to me in my travels over this last 20 months is, ‘Thank you, we’re so glad that you’re playing an active role in Asia again,’ ” Mrs. Clinton said in Hawaii, opening a seven-country tour of Asia that included a last-minute stop in China.

Few of China’s neighbors voice their concerns about the country publicly, but analysts and diplomats say they express wariness about the pace of China’s military expansion and the severity of its trade policies in private.

“Most of these countries have come to us and said, ‘We’re really worried about China,’ ” said Kenneth G. Lieberthal, a China adviser to President Bill Clinton who is now at the Brookings Institution.

The Obama administration has been quick to capitalize on China’s missteps. Where officials used to speak of China as the Asian economic giant, they now speak of India and China as twin giants. And they make clear which one they believe has a closer affinity to the United States.

“India and the United States have never mattered more to each other,” Mrs. Clinton said. “As the world’s two largest democracies, we are united by common interests and common values.”

As Mr. Obama prepares to visit India in his first stop on his tour of Asian democracies, Mr. Singh, India’s prime minister, will have just returned from his own grand tour — with both of them somewhat conspicuously, if at least partly coincidentally, circling China.

None of this seems likely to lead to a cold war-style standoff. China is fully integrated into the global economy, and all of its neighbors are eager to deepen their ties with it. China has fought no wars since a border skirmish with Vietnam three decades ago, and it often emphasizes that it has no intention of projecting power through the use of force.

At the same time, fears that China has become more assertive as it has grown richer are having real consequences.

India is promoting itself throughout the region as a counterweight to China; Japan is settling a dispute with the United States over a Marine air base; the Vietnamese are negotiating a deal to obtain civilian nuclear technology from the United States; and the Americans, who had largely ignored the rest of Asia as they waged wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, see an opportunity to come back in a big way.

In July, for example, Mrs. Clinton reassured Vietnam and the Philippines by announcing that the United States would be willing to help resolve disputes between China and its neighbors over a string of strategically important islands in the South China Sea.

Κρίσιμη σύνοδος του ASEAN αυτή την εβδομάδα στο Ανόι

Οι ηγέτες των 16 κρατών μελών του ASEAN και των Συνόδων Κορυφής της Ανατολικής Ασίας, που βρίσκονται στο επίκεντρο της παγκόσμιας ανάκαμψης θα συναντηθούν αυτή την εβδομάδα στην πρωτεύουσα του Βιετνάμ, το Ανόι.

Ποιοι συμμετέχουν:

Οι δέκα ηγέτες κρατών μελών του ASEAN (Μπρουνέι, Καμπότζη, Ινδονησία, Λάος, Μαλαισία, Μιανμάρ, Φιλιππίνες, Σιγκαπούρη, Ταϊλάνδη και Βιετνάμ) συναντιούνται την Πέμπτη. Την Παρασκευή θα συναντηθούν με τους ηγέτες Κίνας, Ιαπωνίας και Νότιας Κορέας, προτού συγκαλέσουν τους ηγέτες Αυστραλίας, Νέας Ζηλανδίας και Ινδίας το Σάββατο για σύνοδο κορυφής Α. Ασίας.

Η Αμερικανίδα ΥΠΕΞ Χίλαρι Κλίντον, ο Ρώσος ομόλογός της Σεργκέι Λαβρόφ, ο Ρώσος πρόεδρος Μεντβέντεφ και ο γγ του ΟΗΕ Μπαν Κι Μουν θα παραστούν στη σύνοδο.

Ποια οικονομικά ζητήματα θα συζητηθούν;

Αν και τα παγκόσμια συναλλαγματικά προβλήματα δεν περιλαμβάνονται στην ατζέντα, το θέμα θα προκύψει οπωσδήποτε στο περιθώριο των συναντήσεων. ΗΠΑ και Κίνα συνεχίζουν να διαφωνούν για το ποιος ευθύνεται για τις παγκόσμιες ανισορροπίες, ενώ ο ASEAN νιώθει έρμαιο της διένεξης αυτής, που είναι ικανή να υποσκάψει την ανταγωνιστικότητα των προϊόντων του.

Ο ASEAN επιδιώκει να δημιουργήσει οικονομική κοινότητα στα πρότυπα της ΕΕ το 2015, πράγμα που θα απαιτήσει όμως σημαντικές προόδους στις σχέσεις των κρατών μελών μεταξύ τους.

Οι ανησυχίες για την Κίνα θα αποτελέσουν θέμα συζήτησης;

Οι ΗΠΑ και άλλες χώρες έχουν εκφράσει ανησυχίες σχετικά με την ενίσχυση της Κίνας και την επιθετικότητά της στις συνοριακές διενέξεις στα θαλάσσια σύνορά της. Αντιπαράθεση μεταξύ Κίνας και Ιαπωνίας ξέσπασε τον περασμένο μήνα μετά τη δέσμευση κινεζικού αλιευτικού κοντά σε διαφιλονικούμενα νησιά της θάλασσας της Ανατολικής Κίνας. Οι ηγέτες τους μπορεί να επιδιώξουν να δώσουν λύση στη διένεξη στο παρασκήνιο της συνόδου.

Η Κίνα επιμένει ότι οι διαφωνίες σχετικά με την υφαλοκρηπίδα της πρέπει να επιλυθούν μέσω διμερών συνομιλιών και να μην τεθούν επί τάπητος στο πλαίσιο του ASEAN.

Οι ΗΠΑ έχουν αρχίσει να δραστηριοποιούνται διπλωματικά στη Νοτιοανατολική Ασία, ύστερα από χρόνια αδράνειας, που άφησε ανοικτό το πεδίο στο Πεκίνο να ενισχύσει τη διπλωματική και οικονομική του παρουσία στην περιοχή.

Τί θα γίνει με τη Βόρεια Κορέα;

Παρότι πέντε από τα κράτη που συμμετέχουν στις εξαμερείς συνομιλίες για τον πυρηνικό αφοπλισμό της Βόρειας Κορέας συμμετέχουν στη σύνοδο (Ιαπωνία, Κίνα, Ρωσία και ΗΠΑ), δεν αναμένονται ουσιαστικές εξελίξεις στο θέμα.

Συμφωνία Βιετνάμ με Ρωσία για τον πρώτο του πυρηνικό σταθμό

Το Βιετνάμ και η Ρωσία υπέγραψαν σήμερα στο Ανόι συμφωνία για την κατασκευή του πρώτου πυρηνικού σταθμού στο Βιετνάμ, σύμφωνα με δημοσιογραφικές πηγές.
Η υπογραφή της συμφωνίας έγινε παρουσία του Ρώσου προέδρου Ντμίτρι Μεντβέντεφ, ο οποίος επιδιώκει την ενίσχυση των σχέσεων με το Βιετνάμ. Εκπρόσωπος της Rosatom, της ρωσικής εταιρίας ατομικής ενεργείας, δήλωσε την περασμένη εβδομάδα ότι η κατασκευή του εργοστασίου αυτού στο οποίο θα υπάρχουν δυο αντιδραστήρες, εκτιμάται στα τέσσερα δισεκατομμύρια ευρώ και πλέον.

Το Ανόι αναμένεται να κατασκευάσει δυο πυρηνικούς σταθμούς καθένας από τους οποίους θα έχει δυο αντιδραστήρες 1.000 mw και ελπίζει να θέσει σε λειτουργία το 2020 τουλάχιστον έναν από τους αντιδραστήρες αυτούς και να έχει σε 20 χρόνια οχτώ πυρηνικούς σταθμούς στο έδαφός του.

Συνάντηση Κίνας, Ιαπωνίας και ΗΠΑ προτείνει η Χ. Κλίντον

Συνάντηξη με τον Κινέζο υπουργό Εξωτερικών, Γιανκ Τζιετσί είχε σήμερα η υπουργός Εξωτερικών των ΗΠΑ Χίλαρι Κλίντον με αντικείμενο τις εντάσεις που προκαλούν οι εδαφικές κινεζικές διεκδικήσεις στην Ασία.

Η Αμερικανίδα υπουργός Εξωτερικών Χίλαρι Κλίντον δήλωσε ότι οι ΗΠΑ έχουν προτείνει να φιλοξενήσουν μία συνάντηση ανάμεσα στην Κίνα, την Ιαπωνία και τις Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, σε μία προσπάθειά τους να αμβλύνουν την σινο-ιαπωνική ένταση που έχει δημιοργηθεί για μία διαφιλονικούμενη θαλάσσια περιοχή.

Η Χίλαρι Κλίντον πρόσθεσε ότι οι ΗΠΑ είναι ικανοποιημένες για τις διαβεβαιώσεις που έλαβαν από την Κίνα σχετικά με τις εξαγωγές σπάνιων ορυκτών αλλά σημείωσε ότι ακόμη πιστεύει πως ο κόσμος χρειάζεται να αναπτύξει εναλλακτικούς προμηθευτές.

Από την πλευρά του, ο Κινέζος υπουργός Εξωτερικών Γιανγκ Τζιετσί ζήτησε από τις ΗΠΑ να παραμείνουν «προσεκτικές» σχετικά με την σινο- ιαπωνική διένεξη.

«Ο Γιανγκ Τζιετσί υπογράμμισε την επίσημη θέση της Κίνας για τα νησιά Ντιαόγιου. Καλεί ακόμη τις ΗΠΑ να είναι προσεκτικές σχετικά με αυτό το ιδιαίτερα ευαίσθητο ζήτημα και να σέβονται την κυριαρχία και την εδαφική ακεραιότητα της Κίνας, και να μην προβαίνουν σε ψευδείς δηλώσεις» ανέφερε η ιστοσελίδα του κινεζικού υπουργείου Εξωτερικών, μετά από την συνάντηση ανάμεσα στην κ. Κλίντον και τον κ. Τζιετσί.

Η Χίλαρι Κλίντον επιβεβαίωσε την πλευρά της, ότι αυτές η θαλάσσιες διαφορές πρέπει να επιλυθούν σύμφωνα με το διεθνές δίκαιο.

Η συνάντηση αυτή πραγματοποιήθηκε στο περιθώριο της συνόδου κορυφής της Ανατολικής Ασίας που άρχισε στην πρωτεύουσα του Βιετνάμ, παρουσία των ηγετών 10 χωρών της Ένωσης Κρατών της Νοτιοανατολικής Ασίας (ASEAN) και των εταίρων τους (Κίνα, Ιαπωνία, Ινδία, Νότια Κορέα, Αυστραλία και Νέα Ζηλανδία.

Εν τω μεταξύ, η Κίνα εξέφρασε χθες την έντονη δυσαρέσκειά της μετά τις υπέρ της Ιαπωνίας δηλώσεις της Κλίντον για το εδαφικό ζήτημα που έχει προκαλέσει μια σοβαρή σινο-ιαπωνική κρίση από τον Σεπτέμβριο.

Η Ουάσινγκτον και το Πεκίνο βρίσκονται σε αντιπαράθεση για το κινεζικό νόμισμα, για εμπορικά ζητήματα και για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα. Όμως και οι δυο δεν έχουν συμφέρον να κλιμακωθεί η ένταση πριν από την επίσκεψη του κινέζου προέδρου Χου Τζιντάο, τον Ιανουάριο στις ΗΠΑ.

Η Κλίντον πραγματοποιεί περιοδεία στην Ασία στη διάρκεια της οποίας θα επισκεφθεί επίσης την Καμπότζη, τη Μαλαισία, την Παπούα-Νέα Γουινέα, την Αυστραλία και τις αμερικανικές Σαμόα.

Συμφωνία για τα σπάνια ορυκτά

Η υπουργός Εξωτερικών των ΗΠΑ Χίλαρι Κλίντον έλαβε σήμερα στο Ανόι «διαβεβαιώσεις» από τον Κινέζο ομόλογό της Γιανγκ Τζιετσί όσον αφορά τις εξαγωγές σπάνιων ορυκτών, δήλωσε εκπρόσωπος της αμερικανικής αντιπροσωπείας.

Σύμφωνα με την ίδια πηγή, η Κλίντον «ζήτησε διευκρινίσεις για την κινεζική πολιτική σχετικά με τις εξαγωγές σπάνιων ορυκτών και έλαβε διαβεβαιώσεις».

Η Κίνα κατηγορείται, κυρίως από την Ιαπωνία, ότι περιορίζει την πρόσβαση στα σπάνια ορυκτά, τα οποία είναι απαραίτητα κυρίως στην ηλεκτρονική βιομηχανία και την αυτοκινητοβιομηχανία. Διαθέτει το ένα τρίτο των παγκόσμιων αποθεμάτων, ωστόσο το 97% των σπάνιων ορυκτών που πωλήθηκαν πέρυσι ήταν κινεζικής προέλευσης.

Η Κλίντον τόνισε εξάλλου ότι οι θαλάσσιες διαμάχες πρέπει να επιλύονται με βάση το διεθνές δίκαιο, δήλωση η οποία αναμένεται να εξοργίσει την Κίνα η οποία είναι υπέρ των διμερών συνομιλιών.

«Η ελεύθερη ναυσιπλοΐα και το ελεύθερο θαλάσσιο εμπόριο είναι εθνικό συμφέρον των ΗΠΑ», τόνισε η Κλίντον απευθυνόμενη στους αντιπροσώπους των 16 ασιατικών χωρών που συναντώνται στο Ανόι.

«Οταν υπάρχουν θαλάσσιες κυριαρχικές διεκδικήσεις είμαστε υποχρεωμένοι να τις επιλύουμε ειρηνικά βάσει του διεθνούς δικαίου», τόνισε η Κλίντον

Σάββατο, 30 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Putin for the US Treasury: Russia gives USA a lesson in economic management

Unlike the United States of America, Russia's debt as a percentage of GDP is decreasing while America's is increasing, Russia is selling sovereign debt on the world market while the US sells to the Federal Reserve, Russia is deregulating while the USA is creating agencies.
The US-based researcher and writer, Terrence Aym*, in his article "Russia poised to teach US leaders another economic lesson", claims that while Russia is streamlining its economy and expanding, the USA continues to "foray into the minefield of unfounded debt obligations and massive deficits resulting in an expansion of the federal bureaucracy by historic numbers".

The report produced by Terrence Aym compares Russia with the USA and concludes that Russia can teach Washington a thing or two. For instance, while Russia's debt as a percentage of GDP is decreasing, America's is increasing, Russia is selling sovereign debt on the world market while the US sells to the Federal Reserve, Russia is deregulating while the USA is creating agencies. Moreover, Russia is cutting back on the public sector, reducing the public sector workforce by 174,000 as bureaucracy is slashed by 5 per cent in 2010 and 20 per cent by 2013.

The USA, on the other hand, is set to create some 50 to 150 new agencies and offices.

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SharePrint version Font Size Send to friend Meanwhile, the report points out, Vladimir Putin is cutting red tape, removing obstacles to the setting up of businesses, deregulating and in the author's opinion, setting Russia on a course similar to the Reaganism of the 1980s, quoting the Russian Prime Minister as stating that "The institution of oversight and control has lost its value", and "For every kilo of meat produced by a farmer there are several kilos of paperwork to be collected".

"Meanwhile," claims the author, "the US trudges onwards towards an economic doomsday and beefs up its command and control structure while preparing to micromanage the economy".

In a final comparison between the two countries, the report concludes that whereas Russia emerges from its recession, the USA is walking headlong towards higher unemployment, a full-blown depression...and sits on a financial black hole of two trillion dollars. As a closing remark, a suggestion:

The real solution, perhaps, should be "hiring Putin away from Russia for any amount of money he wants and placing him in charge of the United States Treasury".

* Terrence Aym, article in: http://www.helium.com/items/1974162-russia-poised-to-teach-us-leaders-another-economic-lesson

Timofei Belov

Rusisa goes back to Afghanistan for NATO?

Western publications, particularly The Guardian, say that Russia can become a participant of the military campaign in Afghanistan. The country may receive such an offer at the upcoming NATO summit in November, where Russian President Dmityr Medvedev is expected to participate.
It goes about the participation of Russian specialists in the training of Afghan pilots and NATO's cooperation with Russia on the border defense, arranging supplies to Afghan troops and the struggle against drug trafficking.

As for the supplies, it was said that Russian helicopters would suit the actions in Afghanistan better than NATO choppers. This aspect of cooperation can be considered a solved matter because, as British media outlets report, the agreement about the delivery of 21 Russian Mi-17 transport helicopters to Afghanistan had been reached in the summer of 2010.

The deployment of Russian troops in Afghanistan is not a matter for discussion, at least for the time being, according to Western journalists. One should bear in mind the fact that Afghanistan used to be a hotspot of the cold war from 1979 to 1988 because the West actively supported the Afghan opposition in its struggle against the Soviet troops.

Times have changed. The current war in Afghanistan continues for ten years already, and it seems that it is not going to end. NATO troops entered the country in 2001 in response to September 11 attacks, although no one could prove the fact that the Afghans took a direct participation in the terrorist attacks against America.

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SharePrint version Font Size Send to friend What if Russia accepts NATO offer and becomes involved in the Afghan war? Pravda.Ru asked the opinion of Igor Rodionov, the commander of Soviet troops in Afghanistan in 1985-1986 about such a perspective.

"Do you think that Russia's participation in training the personnel of the puppet pro-Western Afghan army can become a prologue for its full-fledged participation in the war?"

"This is exactly what is going to happen. What do helicopter deliveries mean? It means that Russian pilots and technical personnel will have to go to Afghanistan too. Then it turns out that it is impossible to have the locals involved in protecting the Russian crews, and more Russian servicemen will be required in the country. It's a chain reaction, where one action inevitably leads to another.

The Afghan government was whining all the time asking for help, and the USSR eventually decided to help them - this is how the Soviet troops found themselves in Afghanistan in 1979. The Soviet 120,000-strong army became involved in the war in a blink of an eye. If we dance to NATO's tune now, we will find ourselves right in the middle of the American mess in Afghanistan. People learn from other people's mistakes. At the end of the 1970s, we ignored the lessons, which the Americans had learned in Vietnam. Now that we have our own lesson of Afghanistan, are we ready to walk twice into the same water?"

"Do you think that it was the Americans who lured the USSR into the Afghan trap?"

"It is quite possible. The Soviet troops entered Afghanistan because it was said that the Americans were going to land there. Most likely, it was a very well-plotted action to have the Soviets involved. Afterwards, when we started drowning in the Afghan swamp, the West presented the USSR as an aggressor, and the Soviet Union found itself in international isolation. Even our Warsaw Pact allies preferred to keep silence and then they took NATO's side as soon as they had an opportunity.

"In Afghanistan, we had to struggle against the things that the West was doing against us. Mujahedeens had Western weapons to kill Russian soldiers. I perfectly remember piles of captured weapons that had arrived to Afghanistan from Western countries. Now the Americans want us to join them to kill the Afghans!"

"Which goals is NATO pursuing in Afghanistan now?"

"The West did not stop on the collapse of the USSR, it is determined to do the same with Russia. We've always been an enemy for the West, and it still sees Russia as an enemy. Now the West is being too busy with other affairs, such as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, but our turn will come some day.

"England has always been acting like this. That is why we got involved in World War I, which was basically a global clash between Britain and Germany. During World War II, the West was patiently waiting for Nazism and Communism to become exhausted to feast on the fruits of our victory. Afterwards, they blamed Stalin for everything and made him a scapegoat. They have already tried to have Russia involved in the war in Iraq, but thank God Russia refused."

"Some people say that the war against the Taliban is only an excuse to the West to get settled in Afghanistan. Why does NATO need this?"

"It's a fashion trend now in the West to talk about the horrors of Stalin rule and collectivization. But the things that the USA and their Western allies on the planet are doing now, is collectivization in global scale. The West needs to settle in Afghanistan to build a circle of army bases around China. This powerful and rapidly growing country is like a toothache for the West now. A clash will occur sooner or later, and NATO needs to be prepared for it. Now the West wants to find some fools who would pull their chestnuts out of the fire for them - Russia that is. In my opinion, Russia's participation in the Afghan war is out of the question! It's their problem that they have to handle, not us."

"Let's just imagine that Russian soldiers will step on the Afghan territory again. How will the locals greet them?"

"It's not going to be a welcome. In Afghanistan, they still remember very well what the Soviets did there. We were not just planting trees there, as the Soviet TV was saying, we were waging war, we were killing people. As a result, we made a half of the nation stand up against us. It was a consequence of our actions.

"Islands of resistance began to appear one after another here and there. We committed terrible crimes there with our carpet bombings and volley-fire attacks. We were waging war against the people, who cursed us - they will never forget what we did. For Afghans, the Taliban is national resistance to foreign invasion. Why do so many Afghans support the Taliban? Because they have been dreaming about one thing only for 30 years: 'Leave us alone! Let us live!" But they won't let them. At first it was the USSR, now it is NATO."

"But we don't want to bomb Afghan villages now, do we?"

"It all starts with just one visit. Many wars start with something positive, with a wish to defend oneself and so forth. But, as they say, the road to hell is paved with good intentions."

"What memories do you have of the Afghan war?"

"It's all about hopelessness. It was a war that left so many unjustifiable victims. What were those young guys fighting for and what did they die there for? Did they die for a bunch of Afghan intellectuals who thought of themselves as the Afghan nation?"

"What influence did the Afghan war have on the USSR and what may happen if we repeat the mistakes of the past?"

"The Afghan war played an important role in the destruction of the Soviet economy. When I was staying in Afghanistan, we had serious food problems at home in the Soviet Union. If only you could see piles of food rotting under the scorching Afghan sun - thousands and thousands of tons of rotting canned food! Each day of that war cost a fortune, and that money could be used for improving the economic situation in the country. The Afghan war contributed greatly to the collapse of the Soviet Union."

"Don't you think that it is strange that such a suggestion was voiced at the time when some NATO members, such as Holland and Canada, are going to pull out their troops from Afghanistan?

"The USA can see, of course, that the number of its allies is going down, and the Americans want to play safe at our expense. Apparently, they want to have an escape route in case they eventually decide to withdraw the troops from the country, and they would like to have Russia as a defeated party which would be forced to face the aftermath of all that. But the Talibs will not settle down anyway. How would they be able to live knowing that the enemy, who took part in the destruction of the Afghan nation together with the USA is so near, in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan? If we do not take any part in this and start to establish ties with the future government of Afghanistan, we will have an opportunity to achieve peaceful coexistence."

Sergey Balmasov
Pravda.Ru

The decision that Ankara hates making

“Did you read the latest Turkey report in The Economist,” Dr. Carol Henry, a chemist and professorial lecturer at George Washington University, asked me during our meeting following her speech at the Appropriate Use of Science in Public Policy discussion in Washington, D.C. Not only The Economist, but many other Western foreign policy journals these days are producing more sophisticated and nuanced studies on Turkey than ever before.

Turkey’s fast-growing economy, its geographic location and close proximity to much of the regions that America has great difficulty dealing with make this 87-year-old young republic even more attractive to wider public policy discussions in Washington. The Justice and Development Party, or AKP’s, nearly decade-long rule brought a political stability to Turkey, but also clear and unusually high-profile disagreements to the relations with the United States. The latest development that makes Turkey the center of many discussion circles in Washington is not surprisingly Turkey’s unwillingness to decide quickly on new NATO anti-missile plans.

Turkish officials, from the top-down, repeatedly stated in recent months that they don’t see Iran as a threat to Turkey’s national security. Dr. Henri Barkey, Turkey expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, when asked about Turkey's warm feelings towards Iran, stated, “Even though Turkey does not see Iran as a threat, the other 27 members of the NATO alliance do.”

All together, Turkey is increasingly perceived as a "difficult partner" in the alliance, Barkey underlined. Last time Turkey had disagreements with the NATO leadership over Rasmussen's election. Now another critical decision and if Turkey appears to be in another bargaining posture, this seems to becoming a "pattern," Barkey concluded.

“So many sincerity tests come Ankara’s way at once,” one Turkey observer said this week. “Latest NATO anti-missile offer,” said the source, who has very close proximity to the Ankara administration, “shows the limits of the Obama administration’s multilateral worldview.” In other words, the Obama administration seems to introduce another “with us or against us” constraint on Ankara at a time when its administration has just started to fancy steering its own wheel of interest in its wider region, pursuing its own independent policies at an unprecedented level.

Steve Clemons, director of public policy strategies and senior fellow at the New America Foundation, a Washington think tank, said in an interview that the relationship between Turkey and the U.S. is currently being recalibrated. “Both sides, following the recent unexpected events, happened to give cold showers to each other. These differences also played the role of wake-up calls for both sides. In fundamental terms though, Turkey’s significance is rising. Turkey is not a reactionary country anymore in terms of its foreign affairs. Turkey is now creating its own circumstances. This is also good for the U.S., because the U.S. needs responsible partners that can work together in other regions."

Clemons, who also publishes a very popular public policy debate blog, The Washington Note, sounded well reversed with the latest developments surrounding Turkey and its relations with NATO and the U.S. “Turkey must be careful when it gambles,” warned Clemons, “and be careful not to compromise the NATO alliance while it is following its own interests.” Saying no to a new NATO shield, predicted Clemons, “might produce results which would be strategically consequential in a very negative sense.”

Clemons said: "The Turkish side deserves credit for many of its policies in recent years that it has undertaken. However, today the world including China and Russia recognizes Iran as security threat and takes their own measures. And that would be a very big mistake for Turkey to overlook this security concern. In that case, Turkey would appear to be appeasing Iran’s rising military capacity. Having harmony in the region or zero problems with neighbors should not mean Turkey is seriously compromising its long term security needs.”

I asked one high-level U.S. military official this week, who held an important military post in Turkey in the past and has vast interest and expertise on relations with Turkey currently, to explain the potential implications if the Turkish administration did not want the radar system to be deployed in its soil as part of the adaptive phase approach. “In military perspective,” the official stated, “the entire NATO missile system would not be destroyed. It would certainly limit the effectiveness of it. ... There would be a need to redesign the architecture of the system. However, it would move forward. Politically, Turkey has been tracing its own interests in various regions. Even though the EU is still the biggest trade partner of Turkey, its eastern neighbors, including Iran, fast on the rise. Turkey has to communicate with its Eastern neighbors, and explain to them that the new NATO anti-missile project is not aggressive in its mission, it is a defensive one. And it is expected to bring more security and stability in the region, therefore better environment for more trade.”

Steve Flanagan, senior vice president and Henry A. Kissinger chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, told me that “the new NATO anti-missile shield is essentially a reinforcement of overall solidarity between the NATO members. If Turkey says a flat ‘no’, that would be very damaging in Turkey’s standing in the alliance.”

Flanagan said: “President Obama justified the new NATO missile shield, which is a different version of the Bush administration. This was about extending a missile defense system to ensure all ally countries’ safety. This version is a cost-effective system compared to the previous one, not excessively requiring a military notion.”

Turkish high-level diplomats, on the other hand, were extremely careful this week not to let any daylight get in between the countries on the matter and rejected any friction.

According to Barkey, the conditions that have been put forward by Ankara would be a face-saving solution, "if these conditions are met, then Turkey will be able to say to its base at home, and even to the Middle Eastern audiences that its demands have been met."

In Washington, the common perspective is that Turkey’s potential rejection of the NATO anti-missile shield would reinforce the perception that Turkey is drifting away from the West as the loudest, sharpest and in a clear statement.

Ankara, even though it wishes to get along well with all sides, including U.S. and Iran at the same time, now has to remember its commitment to its decades-old NATO alliance.

Turkey hates that it is being pushed to choose either and to make a statement about where it is standing once more.

And that is why Turkey hates making this decision

«Εμείς πάντως δεν φεύγουμε από εδώ»

Επτά στους δέκα νέους Ελληνες θέλουν να φύγουν από τη χώρα. Το 42% των Ελλήνων κάτω των 35 ετών έχουν ήδη αναλάβει δράση για να αναχωρήσουν μια ώρα αρχύτερα. Εξι στους δέκα νέους προτιμούν μια θέση εργασίας στο εξωτερικό παρά μια μόνιμη δουλειά στην Ελλάδα. Οι έρευνες δημοσιεύονται η μία μετά την άλλη και τα αποτελέσματά τους είναι κάθε άλλο παρά ενθαρρυντικά. Οικονομική κρίση, αναξιοκρατία, αντίδραση στο πολιτικό σύστημα, απογοήτευση. Οσες και αν είναι οι αιτίες, το αποτέλεσμα παραμένει το ίδιο: η νέα γενιά, το (υποτιθέμενο) μέλλον του τόπου μας, επιθυμεί διακαώς να... ρίξει μαύρη πέτρα πίσω της. Και όμως, υπάρχουν ανάμεσά μας νέοι που διατηρούν την ελπίδα τους και διακηρύττουν με κάθε ευκαιρία ότι δεν πρόκειται να φύγουν. Μόνο που δεν είναι Ελληνες. Πρόκειται για ευρωπαίους πολίτες που έφτασαν στη χώρα μας για τους δικούς τους λόγους ο καθένας, έζησαν την άνοδο και την (ελεύθερη) πτώση της, μα ακόμη πιστεύουν σε αυτήν και δεν εγκαταλείπουν.

Η κυρία Καρολίν Σατρ από τη Νάντη της Γαλλίας μεγάλωσε περνώντας κάθε καλοκαίρι στην Ελλάδα, λόγω της ιδιαίτερης αγάπης που είχε για τη χώρα μας ο πατέρας της. «Οταν τελείωσα τις σπουδές ιταλικής και ελληνικής φιλολογίας στη Νάντη,αποφάσισα ότι είχε έρθει η στιγμή να κάνω μια νέα αρχή στην Ελλάδα. Μάζεψα τα πράγματά μου και μετακόμισα» λέει η ίδια στο «Βήμα». Την τελευταία οκταετία είδε την Ελλάδα να αλλάζει, τόσο προς το καλύτερο όσο και προς το (πολύ) χειρότερο, με αποκορύφωμα τη σημερινή οικονομική κρίση. «Οι συνθήκες είναι άσχημες, ωστόσο μέσα στη γενική απογοήτευση απαξιώνεται κάθε ελληνικό χαρακτηριστικό και εξιδανικεύεται ό,τι γίνεται στο εξωτερικό. Για παράδειγμα, δεν έχω συναντήσει πουθενά αλλού την ελληνική αλληλεγγύη ανάμεσα στα μέλη της οικογένειας. Ναι, οι μισθοί είναι πιο χαμηλοί στην Ελλάδα, όμως οι γονείς πρόθυμα παραχωρούν ένα ιδιόκτητο διαμέρισμα στα παιδιά τους που βρίσκονται στο ξεκίνημα της καριέρας τους.Στη Γαλλία,αντιθέτως,οι μισθοί είναι λίγο καλύτεροι αλλά οι νέοι δεν ζουν καλύτερα,γιατί είναι αναγκασμένοι να τα βγάζουν πέρα ολομόναχοι» τονίζει.

Σύμφωνα με τον κ. Τέμου Λέχτινεν, ο οποίος κατάγεται από τη Φινλανδία και έπειτα από μία δεκαετία στις Βρυξέλλες έφτασε στην Ελλάδα για να αναλάβει το Τμήμα επικοινωνίας γνωστής εταιρείας online στοιχημάτων σε Ελλάδα και Κύπρο, το βασικό πρόβλημα των νέων Ελλήνων είναι ότι «επαναλαμβάνουν πεισματικά ότι όλα είναι μάταια και ότι “τίποτα δεν πρόκειται να αλλάξει”, με αποτέλεσμα αυτό εν τέλει να γίνεται πραγματικότητα! Οσο περισσότερο το λένε, τόσο περισσότερο το πιστεύουν.Το μόνο σίγουρο είναι,άλλωστε, ότι αν φύγουν όλοι οι άξιοι από τη χώρα, ποτέ δεν θα βγούμε από την κρίση», σχολιάζει. Συχνά, μάλιστα, οι Ευρωπαίοι που ζουν στη χώρα μας καταλήγουν να υποστηρίζουν την Ελλάδα απέναντι στην απογοήτευση ακόμη και των μελών της ίδιας της οικογένειάς τους!

«Η γυναίκα μου σκέφτεται ότι ίσως θα έπρεπε να γυρίσουμε στη Γερμανία γιατί αμφιβάλλει ότι κάτι θα αλλάξει. Εγώ επιμένω ότι εδώ είναι καλύτερα διότι υπάρχει ένα τεράστιο δυναμικό που παραμένει ανεκμετάλλευτο και συνεπώς είναι στα χέρια μας να το αξιοποιήσουμε» αναφέρει ο κ. Μίχαελ Οξ, γερμανός γραφίστας ο οποίος ζει στην Αθήνα και είναι παντρεμένος με Ελληνίδα. «Ακούγεται τετριμμένο, όμως η κρίση είναι πράγματι μια ευκαιρία για την Ελλάδα. Είμαστε στον πάτο,χειρότερα δεν γίνεται.Από εδώ και πέρα,μόνο να βελτιωθούμε μπορούμε» καταλήγει.

Υπάρχουν, τέλος, και αυτοί που πιστεύουν ότι η κρίση είναι μια ευκαιρία για αναθεώρηση των καταναλωτικών προτύπων που επικρατούσαν στο παρελθόν στην Ελλάδα. Ο Πορτογάλος κ. Τιάγο Μάρτινς, ελεύθερος επαγγελματίας, έφτασε στην Ελλάδα σε ηλικία 27 ετών, όταν επέλεξε μια θέση πρακτικής στην έκθεση Ηelexpo της Θεσσαλονίκης. «Μου έκανε εντύπωση η ευκολία με την οποία οι νέοι ξόδευαν χρήματα για τη (ήδη ακριβή) νυχτερινή διασκέδαση. Φοιτητές και νέοι εργαζόμενοι παράγγελναν τρία ή τέσσερα ποτά αξίας 10 ευρώ το ένα,έπιναν καφέδες στην εξωφρενική τιμή των 5 ευρώ,τον έναν μετά τον άλλον- κάτι που δεν είχα ξανασυναντήσει. Η κρίση τούς “προσγείωσε”, όμως αυτή η ανώμαλη προσγείωση έχει και τη θετική της πλευρά. Βλέπω πλέον τους έλληνες φίλους μου να συγκεντρώνονται για φαγητό σε σπίτια, να πηγαίνουν για περπάτημα ή για να αθληθούν παρέα, να απολαμβάνουν σε τελική ανάλυση όλα τα απλά πράγματα που οι νέοι της Ευρώπης (κάνοντας την ανάγκη φιλοτιμία) έκαναν εδώ και χρόνια» σχολιάζει μιλώντας στο «Βήμα». «Συνεχώς με ρωτούν γιατί μένω...»


O εικονιζόμενος Κάρλος Γκουτιέρες ντε λα Κρουθ, προσωπικός γυμναστής, δηλώνει μιλώντας προς «Το Βήμα»: «Εχω κουραστεί να ακούω την ερώτηση “αφού είσαι Ισπανός και μπορείς να φύγεις... γιατί δεν φεύγεις;”. Η απάντηση είναι ότι δεν θέλω να φύγω γιατί έπειτα από τρία χρόνια στη Θεσσαλονίκη, έχω αγαπήσει αυτή χώρα και- σε αντίθεση με τους ντόπιους- δεν έχω χάσει την ελπίδα μου ότι θα τα καταφέρουμε. Δέχομαι αυτή την απαξιωτική ερώτηση καθημερινά και είναι αποκαρδιωτικό να ακούς τους ίδιους τους Ελληνες να δυσφημούν τη χώρα τους μπροστά σε έναν ξένο. Με κάνει να αναρωτιέμαι πώς θα προωθήσουμε την Ελλάδα τουριστικά και επικοινωνιακά, αν επιμένουμε να τη λοιδορούμε; Σίγουρα υπάρχουν πολλά προβλήματα και συχνά εκνευρίζομαι με την αδιαφορία, την αναλγησία και την “αντικοινωνική” συμπεριφορά πολλών συμπολιτών μας. Ωστόσο η πρώτη μου σκέψη είναι “τι μπορούμε να κάνουμε για να το αλλάξουμε; ” και όχι “τι μπορώ να κάνω για να... φύγω;”. Αν όλοι φύγουμε ποιος θα μείνει να προστατεύσει την Ελλάδα από αυτούς που την κατάντησαν έτσι;».

Διαβάστε περισσότερα: http://www.tovima.gr/default.asp?pid=2&ct=1&artId=363828&dt=30/10/2010#ixzz13p2LX7fC

Παρασκευή, 29 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Intelligence spending at record $80.1 billion in first disclosure of overall figure


Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, October 28, 2010; 9:06 PM

The government announced Thursday that it had spent $80.1 billion on intelligence activities over the past 12 months, disclosing for the first time not only the amount spent by civilian intelligence agencies but also by the military.
The so-called National Intelligence Program, run by the CIA and other agencies that report to the Director of National Intelligence, cost $53.1 billion in fiscal 2010, which ended Sept. 30, while the Military Intelligence Program cost an additional $27 billion.
Spending on intelligence for 2010 far exceeded the $42.6 billion spent on the Department of Homeland Security and the $48.9 billion spent on the State Department and foreign operations.
The cost of the Military Intelligence Program has always remained classified. But as undersecretary of defense for intelligence, James R. Clapper Jr., now the director of national intelligence, secured approval to release the figure.
"I pushed through and got Secretary [Robert M.] Gates to approve revelation of the Military Intelligence Program budget," Clapper told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in July.
In disclosing the military intelligence figure, which includes more than $3.5 billion spent in Iraq and Afghanistan, Defense Department official said no program details will be released.
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Although an overall intelligence budget was not released last year, then-Director Dennis C. Blair told reporters in a teleconference that the overall budget was $75 billion. At that time, the officially released budget for the National Intelligence Program was $49.5 billion.
The disclosure Thursday that intelligence spending had risen to $80.1 billion, an increase of nearly 7 percent over the year before and a record high, led to immediate calls for fiscal restraint on Capitol Hill.
The new total is more than double what was spent in 2001, noted Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. However, that was before the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, prompted major shifts by the intelligence community.
"I intend to identify and remove any waste and unnecessary duplication in the intelligence budget and to reduce funding for lower-priority activities," Feinstein said in a statement. She added: "It is clear that the overall spending on intelligence has blossomed to an unacceptable level in the past decade."
Rep. Silvestre Reyes (D-Tex.), chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, joined Feinstein in calling for fiscal restraint on the part of the intelligence community. He said that, along with Feinstein and her vice chairman, Sen. Christopher S. Bond (R-Mo.), he had put cost controls on major systems, such as intelligence satellites, and looked forward to helping to "eliminate the waste, fraud and irresponsible use of taxpayer dollars."
The Washington Post series "Top Secret America" described the growth and spread of the U.S. intelligence community since 2001. In an interview for the series, Gates said he didn't believe the intelligence bureaucracy and its contractors had grown too large to manage. But he added: "Nine years after 9/11, it makes sense to sort of take a look at this and say, 'OK, we've built tremendous capability, but do we have more than we need?' "
Gates has commissioned a major review of the Pentagon budget, with a goal of finding $100 billion in excess spending over five years, thus reducing the growth of the Defense Department budget to about 2 percent annually excluding the costs of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
CIA Director Leon Panetta told The Post that he knew intelligence spending faced reductions and that he was working on a five-year plan for his agency.
Steven Aftergood, who publishes the Secrecy News blog for the Federation of American Scientists, has pushed for disclosure of the top line intelligence budget for years. He said Thursday that the release of the new figure permits the government "to speak realistically about the level of intelligence spending."
He also said it took 30 years to get to this point, after convincing skeptics that the release of the figure would not harm national security. "I don't see now an avalanche of intelligence disclosures," he said

Turkey to sign gunship contract

Turkey and Italian-British helicopter manufacturer AgustaWestland will sign a contract this week for the company's production of nine A129 attack helicopters for the Turkish Army, the firm's top official announced on Tuesday.
Turkey already has a separate multibillion-dollar contract with AgustaWestland for joint manufacture of 51 T129 attack helicopters, a Turkish version of the A129. In addition, in the wake of increased attacks by terrorists from the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party that killed dozens of Turkish soldiers in June, the Ankara government decided to buy nine additional, expedited gunships from AgustaWestland.
"We expect to sign a contract for the nine attack helicopters soon," Guiseppe Orsi, chief executive officer of AgustaWestland, told reporters. He said the gunships would be delivered unarmed, and Turkish authorities would decide on the appropriate weapons to assemble on the platforms and install them. "We will deliver basic helicopters. It will be up to the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries [SSM] and the Turkish Aerospace Industries [TAI] to decide how to fill in the other equipment."
Orsi said the nine attack helicopters would be delivered in 2012, one year before AgustaWestland plans to begin delivery of the 51 T129s in the larger gunship program. He did not say how much the nine new choppers would cost, but defense analysts predict that the price for the nine naked helicopters could be less than $200 million. One defense official said AgustaWestland and TAI were expected to sign the contract for the nine choppers Thursday.
Utility helicopter program
On the nearly $4 billion planned Turkish program for joint production of 109 utility helicopters, mostly for the military and security forces, Orsi urged Ankara to choose his company in an ongoing competition with the U.S. company Sikorsky Aircraft.
AgustaWestland is proposing using the T149, a newly developed utility helicopter. Orsi said the T149's full prototype would have its first flight in January.
Sikorsky Aircraft is offering the T-70, the Turkish version of the S-70 Black Hawk International, which is in the inventories of dozens of countries worldwide including Turkey.
A top Sikorsky official announced in early October that his company had a fourfold benefit package worth billions of dollars to offer to Turkey. "If Turkey selects us for the 109-helicopter program, we will buy another 109 to be manufactured in Turkey and export them to third countries," Steve Estill, vice president for strategic partnerships at Sikorsky’s president's office, said at the time.
Sikorsky also is proposing to buy $1.3 billion worth of Turkish-made helicopter components, to set up a regional Black Hawk support base in Turkey and to invest in a future Turkish project to build a light utility helicopter, Estill said.
Orsi's press event for Turkish reporters Tuesday was designed to challenge Sikorsky's proposal. "Our competition is offering the manufacture under license of an already existing product," he said. "We are offering much, much more. We are offering Turkey the opportunity to become a joint developer of a brand new product. Turkey may become a real global helicopter player if it chooses us."
Orsi said nearly 8,000 utility helicopters are expected to be replaced with new ones in the world in upcoming decades, suggesting that his company's Turkish program could grab international orders for at least 800.
Assuming that each helicopter's acquisition price and its lifetime maintenance costs are both around $25 million, and the TUHP program takes orders for 800 platforms over the next 25-30 years, "this program would collect a total of $40 billion, half of which would go to Turkey," Orsi said.
Turkey's Defense Industry Executive Committee, the highest decision-making body on arms procurement, is expected to select the winner in December. The committee's members include Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Defense Minister Vecdi Gonul, Chief of General Staff Gen. Işık Koşaner and Chief Procurement Officer Murad Bayar.
Turkey's Army, Navy, Air Force, Special Operations and Coast Guard commands are among the buyers of the first batch of military utility helicopters. TAI, Turkey's main aerospace manufacturer, will be the program's prime contractor. Several other Turkish firms also will take part in production.
Presently, the Turkish military uses several types of utility helicopters. The military has more than 100 S-70s, more than 100 older U.S.-made UH-1 Hueys, around 20 French-designed AS-532 Cougars and about 15 Russian Mi-17s

Το τουρκικό «επίτευγμα» του South Stream (!) και η ελληνική αλλοπρόσαλλη πολιτική

Για μια ακόμη φορά αποδεικνύεται περίτρανα, ότι τα γεωπολιτικά συμφέροντα των χωρών υπερισχύουν κάθε στενού οικονομικής φύσεως υπολογισμού, με τελευταίο παράδειγμα τον αγωγό South Stream.Όπως έγινε γνωστό, ο ρωσικός ενεργειακός κολοσσός, η Gazprom και η βουλγαρική Energy Holding, υπέγραψαν συμφωνία που αφορά στη βουλγαρική διαδρομή του αγωγού φυσικού αερίου South Stream. Η συμφωνία περιγράφει τους όρους και το χρονοδιάγραμμα της συνεργασίας των δυο χωρών.

Τι οδήγησε τη βουλγαρική πλευρά και τον ακραιφνή φιλο-Αμερικανό πρωθυπουργό της γειτονικής μας χώρας, Μπόικο Μπορίσοφ, να προσυπογράψει έναν αγωγό τον οποίο ...πολέμησε με νύχια και με δόντια από τη στιγμή της ανάδειξής του στο πρωθυπουργικό αξίωμα, με αιχμή υποτιθέμενους περιβαλλοντικούς προβληματισμούς; Να θυμίσουμε προτού αναλύσουμε το θέμα, ότι παρόμοια επιχειρήματα προβλήθηκαν και από ελληνικής πλευράς. Θα επανέλθουμε σε αυτό.


Η εντυπωσιακή μεταστροφή της βουλγαρικής κυβέρνησης οφείλεται στο «πράσινο φως» που άναψε ο αμερικανικός παράγοντας για την υλοποίηση του σχεδίου κατασκευής του αγωγού South Stream και τη διαφαινόμενη περιθωριοποίηση όλων των σχεδίων που αφορούσαν στον ανταγωνιστικό, αμερικανικής εμπνεύσεως, Nabucco.

Ο λόγος που οδήγησε τις ΗΠΑ στην απόφαση εγκατάλειψης του Nabucco είναι προφανής: Αφενός η συνειδητοποίηση ότι χωρίς τροφοδοσία ιρανικού φυσικού αερίου ο αγωγός δεν θα μπορούσε να καταστεί βιώσιμος και αφετέρου η τουρκική συμπεριφορά! Η Τουρκία που πλέον αποστασιοποιείται διαρκώς από τις επιλογές της αμερικανικής πολιτικής σε θέματα υψίστης σημασίας για τις ΗΠΑ: στην περίπτωση του Ιράν η τουρκική πολιτική αποκλίνει εντυπωσιακά από αυτή της υπερδύναμης.

Σε συνδυασμό μάλιστα με τη στάση της απέναντι στο Ισραήλ η οποία κοντεύει να στοιχίσει στον Αμερικανό πρόεδρο Ομπάμα την επανεκλογή του (υπονομεύει την πολιτική επαναπροσέγγισης με τον αραβικό κόσμο που επιχείρησε και αυξάνει θεαματικά το εσωτερικό κόστος για την κυβέρνησή του λόγω της αυτονόητης αντίδρασης του εβραϊκού λόμπι), η κατάταξη της Τουρκίας στις «μη φιλικές» περιφερειακές δυνάμεις, ήταν απλώς θέμα χρόνου. Και ας είναι θεωρητικά, σύμμαχος στο πλαίσιο του ΝΑΤΟ.

Επιπρόσθετα, ρόλο έχει παίξει και η επαναπροσέγγιση με τη Ρωσία, η οποία θεωρείται δεδομένο ότι έχει θέσει στο τραπέζι των διαπραγματεύσεων το ενεργειακό ζήτημα της Ευρώπης. Δεδομένης μάλιστα της εμπλοκής αμερικανικών εταιριών στα επενδυτικά σχέδια, είναι εξαιρετικά πιθανό Ρωσία και ΗΠΑ να έχουν καταλήξει σε συνεννόηση, με τις ΗΠΑ προφανώς να έχουν αποσπάσει ανταλλάγματα σε κάποιο άλλο θέμα της υπό διαπραγμάτευση ατζέντας.

Σε κάθε περίπτωση είναι προφανές ότι βρισκόμαστε ενώπιον μιας γεωπολιτικής ήττας της Τουρκίας, η οποία θα μπορούσε να εκληφθεί και ως προειδοποιητικό μήνυμα. Ένα δίδαγμα που πρέπει να συνάγει η Ελλάδα που αυτονόητα παρατηρεί τα τεκταινόμενα με ενδιαφέρον, είναι ότι διαθέτει περιθώρια διαπραγματευτικής ευελιξίας στην εξωτερική της πολιτική, αρκεί να μην υιοθετεί μαξιμαλιστικές προσεγγίσεις, είτε από τη μία είτε από την άλλη πλευρά. Δηλαδή, αυτοκαταστροφική είναι τόσο μια θέση που δίνει την εντύπωση ότι στόχος είναι… η απαλλαγή από την αμερικανική παρουσία (πέραν από ανέφικτο, στρατηγικά θα ήταν υπό συζήτηση αν εξυπηρετεί και τα ελληνικά συμφέροντα), όσο και η ακριβώς αντίθετη, της άνευ όρων προσκόλλησης στο αμερικανικό «άρμα»!

Για να γίνουμε πιο πρακτικοί, το επιχείρημά μας είναι ότι λανθασμένη στην εφαρμογή της (όχι απαραίτητα στη σύλληψη), ήταν τόσο η πολιτική της προηγούμενης κυβέρνησης που δημιουργούσε την εντύπωση ότι η χώρα… αλλάζει «στρατόπεδο» (!) όσο και της τωρινής που δίνει την ακριβώς αντίθετη εντύπωση! Δεδομένης μάλιστα της προαναφερθείσας εξέλιξης με τον South Stream, το συμπέρασμα είναι ότι η Αθήνα, αν διέθετε σοβαρότητα και σοβαρούς μηχανισμούς παραγωγής και διαχείρισης πολιτικής, θα είχε υποστηρίξει με διαφορετικό τρόπο την επιλογή της να επιχειρήσει να ενταχθεί στον South Stream. Και χώρες οι οποίες διαθέτουν πολιτική και την υποστηρίζουν με σταθερότητα και μετριοπάθεια, βγαίνουν στο τέλος κερδισμένες τόσο επί της ουσίας όσο και στο επίπεδο των εντυπώσεων!

Αυτή τη στιγμή, η Ελλάδα δεν μπορεί να εισπράξει όσα της αναλογούν σε περίπτωση υλοποίησης των σχεδίων για τον South Stream και θα παραμείνει ένας δευτερεύουσας σημασίας «παίκτης», ή μάλλον ένα πιόνι στη σκακιέρα των μεγάλων. Και το ζητούμενο δεν είναι να μην αποτελείς «πιόνι» διότι η σχετική ισχύς της χώρας δεν επιτρέπει την παρούσα χρονική στιγμή κάτι πιο φιλόδοξο, αλλά τι είδους πιόνι είσαι. Διότι στο σκάκι υπάρχουν πέραν από τους στρατιώτες, τα άλογα, οι αξιωματικοί και οι πύργοι, αν υποτεθεί ότι τη θέση του βασιλιά και της βασίλισσας καταλαμβάνουν οι δυο γεωπολιτικοί πρωταγωνιστές του South Stream…

Να επιστρέψουμε όμως στην προβολή «περιβαλλοντικών» επιχειρημάτων προς τεκμηρίωση της δήθεν ανησυχίας για τις επιπτώσεις του αγωγού. Εάν ως δια μαγείας εκλείψουν οι προβληματισμοί και στην ελληνική πλευρά των συνόρων τι ακριβώς πρέπει να σκεφτούμε; Πόσοι αλητήριοι (κυριολεκτούμε σε κάποιες περιπτώσεις) θα έπρεπε κανονικά να κατηγορηθούν με βάση το νόμο περί κατασκοπείας; Βέβαια, υπάρχουν πολλοί που είναι τόσο αφελείς (για να μην πούμε τίποτε πολύ βαρύτερο) ώστε δεν χρειάζεται καν να στρατολογηθούν! Απλά, οι ενδιαφερόμενοι περιορίζονται να προσαρμόσουν τη στρατηγική τους στην εκμετάλλευση των υφισταμένων στερεοτυπικών πεποιθήσεων και εμμονών των ατόμων-στόχων, δηλαδή να υπογραμμίσουν τη ζημιά στο περιβάλλον.

Εάν όμως, τονίζουμε το εάν, οι γνωστοί κύκλοι ξεχάσουν τι έλεγαν και σιωπήσουν, τότε δεν θα είναι τίποτε περισσότερο από υποχείρια ξένων συμφερόντων. Και με απλά λόγια, «στα παλιά μας τα παπούτσια» ποιων συμφερόντων, αμερικανικών, ρωσικών, ισραηλινών ή οποιονδήποτε άλλων. Η ουσία θα είναι ότι έχουν προδώσει τη χώρα τους αποδεδειγμένα και όσοι εκ των πολιτικών ταγών δεν αναζητήσουν ευθύνες ή τουλάχιστον δεν καταγγείλουν, απλά θα αποτελούν συνενόχους.

πηγή  

Από...http://geopolitics-gr.blogspot.com/2010/10/south-stream.html

Το είδαμε στο: http://anemo-milos.blogspot.com/2010/10/south-stream_26.html#ixzz13jtLXLfF

Αποκλεισµένο από την Ελλάδα το Καστελλόριζο

Μέσω Τουρκίας γίνεται πλέον ο εφοδιασµός του Καστελλόριζου, γιατί δεν εκτελούνται ακτοπλοϊκά δροµολόγια που συνδέουν το ακριτικό νησί µε τη Ρόδο!
Εδώ και 15 ηµέρες διέκοψε τα ταξίδια που εκτελούσε τρεις φορές την εβδοµάδα το οχηµαταγωγό - επιβατηγό «Πρωτεύς». Κι αυτό γιατί σταµάτησε η επιχορήγηση των δροµολογίων του από το υπουργείο Θαλασσίων Υποθέσεων και Αλιείας. Οι λόγοι είναι σχετικοί µε τη χορήγηση τραπεζικής εγγύησης στην ιδιοκτήτρια εταιρεία του εν λόγω πλοίου, που ανήκει κυρίως στον Δήµο Σύµης και που συνδέει τη Ρόδο, εκτός από το Καστελλόριζο, µε τη Σύµη, την Τήλο και την Κω.

Οι κάτοικοι στα νησιά αντιµετωπίζουν τις τελευταίες εβδοµάδες σοβαρά προβλήµατα. Μέχρι τώρα δεν έγινε αντικατάσταση του «Πρωτέα» µε άλλο πλοίο, µε αποτέλεσµα οι κάτοικοι του Καστελλόριζου να καταφεύγουν στην απέναντι τουρκική πόλη Αντίφυλο (Κας) για να εφοδιάζονται µε είδη πρώτης ανάγκης, κυρίως τρόφιµα! Μάλιστα σήµερα προβλέπεται ένας σηµαντικός αριθµός κατοίκων από το Καστελλόριζο να µεταβεί στην Αντίφυλο, όπου λειτουργεί η καθιερωµένη µεγάλη λαϊκή αγορά για να εφοδιαστούν µε φρούτα, λαχανικά και άλλα είδη διατροφής.

«Είµαστε πολλές φορές αναγκασµένοι να πηγαίνουµε απέναντι για τα απαραίτητα, αφού δεν έχουµε τακτική συγκοινωνία µε τη Ρόδο και δεν µπορεί να εφοδιαστεί το Καστελλόριζο µε είδη πρώτης ανάγκης», λέει στα «ΝΕΑ» ο Νίκος Μαλτέζος, ένας από τους λιγοστούς µόνιµους κατοίκους του ακριτικού νησιού.

Ενα την εβδοµάδα
Σηµειώνεται ότι αυτή την περίοδο, καιρού επιτρέποντος, γίνεται ένα µόνο δροµολόγιο την εβδοµάδα µε το οχηµαταγωγό «Διαγόρας» και οι περισσότερες πτήσεις µε τα µικρά αεροπλάνα συνήθως µαταιώνονται, εξαιτίας των ισχυρών ανέµων που πνέουν στην περιοχή.

Αλλά και για τις µετακινήσεις τους οι κάτοικοι είναι υποχρεωµένοι να µεταβούν στην τουρκική πόλη Φετιγέ και από εκεί προς τη Ρόδο, όπου υπάρχει τακτική συγκοινωνία. Είναι χαρακτηριστικό ότι προ ηµερών ένα ζευγάρι τουριστών από τη Σουηδία που περνούσε τις διακοπές του στο Καστελλόριζο, επειδή δεν µπορούσε να πάει στη Ρόδο ελλείψει συγκοινωνιακού µέσου, αναγκάστηκε να ναυλώσει ταχύπλοο σκάφος για να πάει στην απέναντι τουρκική πόλη κι από εκεί έφτασε στο αεροδρόµιο του Ντάλαµαν προκειµένου να πάρει το αεροπλάνο και να επιστρέψει «Τέτοιες συµπεριφορές εκ µέρους του κράτους µάς κάνουν να αισθανόµαστε πολίτες άλλης χώρας» υπογραµµίζει ο δήµαρχος του νησιού Παύλος Πανηγύρης, ο οποίος απευθύνθηκε χτες µε επιστολή του στον Πρωθυπουργό Γιώργο Παπανδρέου, ζητώντας την παρέµβασή του.

Πήγαν να τους συλλάβουν
Θα πρέπει να σηµειωθεί ότι εννέα πρώην δηµοτικοί σύµβουλοι του Καστελλόριζου επρόκειτο να προσέλθουν την περασµένη Δευτέρα στην ανακρίτρια της Ρόδου προκειµένου να καταθέσουν για µια υπόθεση του 2000 που αφορά καταπάτηση δηµοτικού ακινήτου, αλλά λόγω έλλειψης συγκοινωνιακού µέσου δεν τα κατάφεραν, µε αποτέλεσµα να εκδοθούν εντάλµατα σύλληψής τους. Την επόµενη µέρα, που πραγµατοποιήθηκε το εβδοµαδιαίο δροµολόγιο, έφτασαν στη Ρόδο συνοδεία αστυνοµικών! Πάντως µετά τις απολογίες τους και οι εννέα αφέθηκαν ελεύθεροι χωρίς περιοριστικούς λόγους, αλλά θα παραµείνουν στη Ρόδο µέχρι την ερχόµενη Τρίτη που θα γίνει (εάν βέβαια πραγµατοποιηθεί) το µοναδικό δροµολόγιο προς το Καστελλόριζο!

15 ΗΜΕΡΕΣ ΧΩΡΙΣ ΠΛΟΙΟ
Εδώ και 15 ηµέρες διέκοψε τα δροµολόγια που εκτελούσε τρεις φορές την εβδοµάδα το «Πρωτεύς» γιατί σταµάτησε η επιχορήγηση

Πέμπτη, 28 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Ελληνική “κατοχή” σε 850 σκοπιανά sites




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Στο κάτω μέρος του κειμένου υπάρχει ακριβής σελίδα με όλες τις εικόνες και το κείμενο στα σκοπιανοσλαβικά. Μέχρι αυτήν την στιγμή όσες σελίδες από αυτές επισκεφτήκαμε είναι ακόμη “χακαρισμένες”


Ανήρτησαν κείμενο στα ...
σλαβομακεδονικά και χάρτες σε περίπου 850 περίπου sites κυρίως σκοπιανών συμφερόντων,κρατικά αλλά και μεγάλων επιχειρήσεων επ’ευκαιρία του εορτασμού της 26ης και 28ης Οκτωβρίου!
Αναλυτικά…το κείμενο -στην αγγλική του μετάφραση- όπως μας ενημερώνουν μέσω email ,αναφέρει:
«Macedonian Administration
Macedonian Administration Declaration
The Macedonian Administration claims what belongs to Macedonia and Macedonians.
Skopje for many years act as a terrorist in the area of Balkans and finally establish a criminal goverment. Skopje has it’s chance to stand with dignity next of Greece, but brainwash overtake Vardarska and finally brainwashed it’s people for money and interests of others.The Former Yugoslav Republic of Vardarska betrayed their Slavic identify, they reject what they are and finally they betrayed even Serbia.
After the failure propaganda of the Bulgarian VMRO in the start of century, the brainwashed people of Vardarska by Tito take and convert this propaganda for them selfs.They steal parts of Bulgarian Language and tradition and at the end they tried to steal the Holy name of Macedonia and as well the Macedonian History from Greece.
However the Macedonians they will never surrender their heritage and history to the slavic people of Vardarska. Greece does not hate no one, but Greece does not allow others to steal from Greece.
In Vardarska there are so many different people and nationalities. Into the Vardarska Parliament in Skopje there are two official languages, the SlavoBulgarian and Albanian. Albanians are the 35 percent of total Vardarska population and they claim the country.
Is this the country who want to steal the Macedonia’s name from Greece?! And later on the Albanians who will overtake the country of Vardar, they will be Macedonia?!
When the 35 percent of population disagree with the name Macedonia for the state and state still want it, that means that the goverment and system is by criminal people who get money for that, for some purposes.
Now Vardarska sell their self and people to great power state that promises a lot, that great power later on will disolve Vardarska and give it to Albanians. When this will happen i am wondering who will help the people of Skopje when they have betrayed everyone in their surroundings. I know that they will turn to Greeks. Greeks will help them as they use to do to their economy.However whatever it happends the Macedonians are Macedonians by Birth, the SlavoBulgarian people of Vardarska they can be Macedonians only by paper and decision.
However we know that Slavs came in the region of Balkans in the 6th century A.D. they slavs came in the area of Balkans 1000 years after the death of Alexander the great, so is impossible they are Macedonians.
The people of Vardarska are Slavs as has been proofed by DNA tests and as their first President said. Macedonians spread the Hellenism to the end of the world! Greeks are people who share same tradition, language, heritage and gods, as the Athenians, Spartans, Ionians, Macedonians, Thebeans, Cretans, Epiroteans and more did.
All those are Greeks cuz that’s how it was the Ancient Greece.The Greek states even fight each other for economical porpuses who will dominate who, but when an extrenal non-greek enemy came to region, they unite and fight the extrenal enemy, after that they back to their internal wars.
This is the reason tha Macedonia state in Ancient Greece conqueror the whole world but they didn’t step foot to Epirus and Sparta, cuz they are already allies back in the years of Persian wars and as well in the Pelopponesian war that Sparta and Athens fought for 50 years continiously and which one has each greek states as allies, the half rest greek states was with Athens and half rest greek states with Sparta, Macedonia state was ally of Sparta.
This was the Ancient Greece.
26 of October is the celebration day of Macedonia’s Capital city Thessaloniki protector Saint Dimitrios. Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki was a Christian martyr, who lived in the early 4th century.
During the Middle Ages, he came to be revered as one of the most important Orthodox military saints.
28 of October is a National Celebration that Greeks say NO to Nazi to surrender Greece. On 28 October 1940 Nazi demanded the surrender of Greece, but Greeks refused and in the following Nazi vs Greece war, Greece repelled Nazi forces into Albania, giving the Allies their first victory over Axis forces on land.Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom:
-Hence we will not say that Greeks fight like heroes, but that heroes fight like Greeks- If there had not been the virtue and courage of the Greeks, we do not know which the outcome of World War II would had been.Joseph Stalin, in an open letter read frequently on Radio Moscow during the war:
- The Russian people will always be grateful to the Greeks for delaying the German army long enough for winter to set in, thereby giving us the precious time we needed to prepare. We will never forget.
Albert Einstein, scientist:- How can any educated person stay away from the Greeks? I have always been far more interested in them than in science.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German polymath:- Of all peoples the Greeks have dreamt the dream of life best.
Times pass and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Vardarska has it’s chances and oppotrunities. Greece do it’s best for Vardarska but Vardarska make only propaganda and even they didn’t appreciate the hand that feed them.
MACEDONIA ADMINISTRATION DECLARE THAT MACEDONIANS CLAIM MONASTIR AND THE REGION OF PELAGONIA WITH 100.000 THOUSANDS MACEDONIANS POPULATION IN THE REGION AS THEIR BASE HISTORICAL AND HERITAGE RIGHTS.
~ Macedonian Administration, Thessaloniki 26 October 2010
«And hey, the writing stone you have outside of your Foreign Affairs Ministry, is written in Greek! For Greeks make sense and know what it means. What about you? Macedonia and Macedonian has a meaning in Greek language, what about in SlavoBulgarian?!»”Macedonians and rest of Greeks does not hate you, actually they love you and support you. If you have the Greek power then you will eat the smaller fish, but Greece don’t want to eat you and destroit you. Greece want still the best for you. But Greece will never accept to steal their name and history.Macedonians give you chances and opportunities but you act strange cuz probably you are brainwashed, but if you don’t act good, soon your country will be lost and you will run to ask help from Greeks and real Macedonians. Is like you say to all your neighboors «Hey please destroy us». Is this what you want, to get destroyed?
Macedonia for Macedonians by birth!»
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