Geopolitical Research Institute(GRI)/Εταιρεία Γεωπολιτικών Ερευνών(ΕΓΕ)

Τετάρτη, 3 Νοεμβρίου 2010

Βουλγαρία: Ο Πούτιν επισκέπτεται τη χώρα για να συζητήσει για τα τρία μεγάλα ενεργειακά προγράμματα που εκκρεμούν για χρόνια

Ο Βούλγαρος πρωθυπουργός Μπόικο Μπορίσοφ δήλωσε σε μια συνέντευξή του για την ITAR-TASS ότι υποστηρίζει «εγκάρδια» το αμφιλεγόμενο πρόγραμμα του πυρηνικού αντιδραστήρα του Μπέλενε, υπό την ρωσική αιγίδα.


Αυτή η είδηση έρχεται μόλις μερικά λεπτά αφότου ανακοινώθηκε ότι ο Ρώσος πρόεδρος Βλαντιμίρ Πούτιν έρχεται στη Βουλγαρία για να συζητήσει σημαντικά θέματα αμοιβαίου οικονομικού ενδιαφέροντος για τις δύο χώρες.

Αυτό περιλαμβάνει και τα τρία μεγάλα κοινά ενεργειακά προγράμματα για τα οποία αμφιταλαντεύεται η βουλγαρική κυβέρνηση υπό την προεδρία του Μπορίσοφ για χρόνια: τον αγωγό φυσικού αερίου South Stream, τον πετρελαιαγωγό Μπουργκάς-Αλεξανδρούπολη, και το πυρηνικό εργοστάσιο του Μπέλενε.

Chinese president calls for stronger ties with Europe

BEIJING - Chinese President Hu Jintao said on Tuesday that China attaches great importance to its relations with Europe and wants to strengthen ties with the region.

In a written interview with France's Le Figaro newspaper and Portugal's Lusa News Agency, President Hu, due to visit the two countries on November 4-7, answered questions regarding the development of relations and other issues.

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The Chinese president said China and Europe currently enjoyed close, top-level communication and fruitful cooperation.

The European Union (EU) had been China's largest trading partner for six consecutive years, and China has become the EU's second largest export market, with bilateral trade volume in the first three quarters close to $350 billion, a year-on-year increase of 34.4 percent, he said.

China respected and supported the integration of Europe. Likewise, China hoped Europe would take a positive view of China's development, and respect and support China in taking a path of development which suited its own national conditions, the Chinese president said.

The two sides were supposed to respect and consider each other's core interests and major concerns, he said.

China-Europe ties in the 21st century should be characterized by mutual trust and respect, and equality of treatment. Moreover, they should be mutually beneficial and lead to a win-win situation and common development, promoting the establishment of a fairer world political and economic order, world harmony and the progress of human civilization.

China would like to work together with Europe to substantiate their comprehensive strategic partnership and raise their relationship to a new level, Hu said.

The Chinese president also spoke highly of the relations between China and France, saying China was ready to expand its trade with France and steadily promote bilateral cooperation in various fields.

Regarding the development of Sino-Portuguese ties, Hu said China was ready to work with Portugal to enhance political mutual trust and expand exchanges, as well as explore down-to-earth cooperation, so as to promote the development of both sides and jointly cope with global challenges.

In the interview, Hu also answered questions regarding the coming G-20 summit in Seoul.

The Chinese president said the summit in the South Korean capital should mainly discuss remaining unified to solve the basic problems that triggered the international financial crisis and consolidating the momentum of the world economic recovery.

To this end, President Hu put forward several proposals, including pushing forward the reforms of the international financial system and opposing trade protectionism.

He also said that China would continue its yuan exchange rate reform, adhering to the principles of control and graduation.

China's exchange rate policy was consistent and responsible, and China had been steadily carrying forward the yuan exchange rate formation mechanism reform, the Chinese president said.

He added that China was to improve a managed floating exchange rate regime, bringing into greater play the role of market supply and demand, to gradually allow more flexibility in the yuan exchange rate while maintaining its basic stability on a reasonable and balanced level.

In the interview, Hu also reiterated China's adherence to the path of peaceful development.

He said China respected the right of the people of other countries to choose their own path of development, adding that China would never interfere in other countries' internal affairs, never impose its own will on others, and was dedicated to peaceful settlement of international conflicts.

Meanwhile, the president called for a joint effort by all nations to promote a multi-polar world and democratization of international relations.

Hu urged countries of the world to build a new type of relationship with each other: one in which they were politically respectful and trusting to each other and, economically, beneficial and reciprocal to each other.

Hu called on the international community, especially developed countries, to increase support and aid to developing countries and help them realize the UN Millennium Development Goals at an early date.

President Hu also called for more dialogue and cooperation between developing and developed countries, expanding representation of developing countries in global management mechanisms, and establishing a new type of global development partnership.

Turkey, China agree to develop strategic ties

Ties between Turkey and China that were strained last year following unrest in western China’s Xinjiang region are back on track, with both countries looking to raise their relationship to the strategic partnership level, Turkey’s foreign minister said Tuesday.

“We are determined to maintain the momentum in ties,” said Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu. “A paradigm of Turkish-Chinese cooperation is coming to life in one sense.”

Turkey and China have agreed on an action plan for strategic cooperation on a wide range of topics, including energy, culture and transportation, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu said Tuesday in Beijing following his official meetings.

As the two countries mark the 40th anniversary of their relationship next year, Turkey will declare 2011 China Year, he said, adding that the Chinese president was expected to visit Ankara to mark the occasion. The two countries also agreed that 20l2 would be Turkey Year in China.

China’s prime minister visited Turkey in October, becoming the first to do so in eight years, while President Abdullah Gül’s 2009 trip to China was the first time a Turkish president had visited the Far Eastern country in 14 years.

The two countries’ foreign ministries will also establish a joint-working committee scheduled to meet for the first time in early 2011. Davutoğlu said the mechanism would help increase the number of high-level visits between the two countries and that every year, a top-level visit would take place in either Turkey or China.

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan also plans to visit China, most likely in the summer of 2011.

Turkey will also add more consulates throughout China, with its third consulate set to open in Guangzhou as soon as possible, the foreign minister said. Turkey currently maintains representatives in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

“China is almost a continent for us. We want to increase the number of Turkish consulates,” Davutoğlu said.

Asked if Turkey would open a consulate in Urumqi, the capital of the Xinjiang region, Davutoğlu said, “We are determined to take every step that will bring the Turkish and Chinese peoples closer and open consulates all over China.”

Davutoğlu said both Turkey and China had agreed that the Xinjiang region was a bridge of friendship between the two countries. “Uighur Turks, with whom we have close historic and cultural bonds, live in Kashgar and Urumqi. It was important that an atmosphere of calm and peace was achieved in the region after the unrest last year.”

Turkey’s Yunus Emre Foundation is also set to open an office in China, which will introduce the Far East to Turkish culture.

Burgeoning trade and economic relations

Beijing and Ankara have agreed to increase trade volume to $50 billion by 2015 and $100 billion by 2020. Trade is currently heavily in China’s favor, but Davutoğlu said a Chinese importers’ delegation’s scheduled visit to Turkey would help close the trade gap.

The two countries also agreed to use rail and air transportation more effectively and Davutoğlu gave a green light for direct flights from Turkey to Urumqi and Xi’an. “We are determined to revive the historic Silk Road,” he said.

Energy is another area in which the two countries have agreed to expand cooperation, but analysts have warned that rivalries over energy resources in the Caspian may yet emerge. Davutoğlu said both Turkey and China were growing economies that both needed energy.

“Low prices are to the favor of the two countries… Stability prevailing in energy-rich regions, including the Middle East and Central Asia will benefit the two countries,” he said, adding that nuclear energy was also an area of potential cooperation.

Foreign Policy

Turkey and China have developed closer attitudes regarding the resolution of the dispute over Iran’s nuclear program. As a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, China voted in favor of sanctions against Iran while Turkey voted against them, standing behind the swap deal it brokered with Brazil.

“We discussed Iran’s nuclear program in detail… Our views are very close,” Davutoğlu said.